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Welcome to Gloucestershire Archives @ the Heritage Hub
Christmas opening hours

Gloucestershire Archives will be open until 4.30pm on Friday 23rd December, and will reopen at 9.00am on Tuesday 3rd January. 

Gloucestershire Family History Centre will be open until 4.00pm on Friday 16th December and will reopen at 10.00am on Tuesday 3rd January.

FREE Saturday event, 3 December, 1-4pm

Don't miss "Anything that moves...",  a free, transport themed event at the Heritage Hub on Saturday 3 December, 1- 4pm.

Includes a special guest appearance by Thomas the tank engine!

Book here to avoid disappointment

A brief history of Gloucester’s Civic Buildings (aka “You have no authority here!”) Display 1 of 19

Drawing in black, white and yellow showing aerial view of a roman town

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Roman Colonia Nervia Glevensium

Courtesy Phil Moss GlosArch

Roman troops of the XXth Legion established a large fortress on what was to become Gloucester around 66AD.  About 30 years later, the legionaries moved on into South Wales and the fortress was designated a colonia by the Emperor Nerva, being known as COLONIA NERVIANA GLEVENSIS.  These were self-governing Roman towns set up to settle ex-soldiers who received grants of land inside and outside the city as part of their retirement package.  Administration was by a town council (curia), led by elected magistrates, who were responsible for settling local disputes, undertaking civic works, and collecting taxes from the population, passing the monies on to the state.  The curia administered the colonia from the first civic building in Gloucester’s history, the Basilica, which was built on the site of the old legionary headquarters building in the centre of the town, on the south side of the forum or town square.  From finds of stamped roof tiles, we know the curia was called REI PUBLICAE GLEVENSIUM (literally ‘Republic of Glevum’, abbreviated to ‘RPG’) and it governed the city for over 300 years, erecting public buildings including the forum, temples and bath houses and provided services such as piped water, drains and sewers.