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A brief history of Gloucester’s Civic Buildings (aka “You have no authority here!”) Display 2 of 19

White stone house surrounded by green grass and trees

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Kingsholm Saxon Royal Palace

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After the Roman military left in AD 407, Romano-British traditions continued, but the daily life of the city could not be supported, and it gradually fell into decay.  By the 600s, the Hwicce, a sub-tribe of the Mercian dynasty, had taken control of the region and in 679 their king Osric, founded a monastery at Gloucester dedicated to St Peter (on or near the site of the cathedral).  At this time an Anglo-Saxon great hall – described as a ‘palace’ – existed at Kingsholm.  Ancillary buildings included a chapel and by the time of Edward the Confessor, the ‘great hall of the Royal Manor at Kingsholm’ was a meeting place of the King’s Great Council - the Witanagemot - raising Gloucester’s status to that of Winchester and London.  Although not listed in the surviving Anglo-Saxon records as a Burgh (fortified settlement) it seems likely that it was an administration of the growing town was from this structure.  Archaeologists think that the Great Hall complex is located on the Kingsholm Close and Kingsholm Square area as evidence of timber settings dating to the Saxon period have been found.  The last green space in Kingsholm – shown here behind No.13 Kingsholm Square – is a prime target for future archaeology.